On the application of isogeometric finite volume method in numerical analysis of wet-steam flow through turbine cascades
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The isogeometric finite volume analysis is utilized in this research to numerically simulate the two-dimensional viscous wet-steam flow between stationary cascades of a steam turbine for the first time. In this approach, the analysis-suitable computational mesh with ‘‘curved’’ boundaries is generated for the fluid flow by employing a non- uniform rational B-spline (NURBS) surface that describes the cascade geometry, and the governing equations are then discretized by the NURBS representation. Thanks to smooth and accurate geometry representation of the NURBS formulation, the employed isogeometric framework not only resolves issues concerning the conventional mesh generation techniques of the finite volume method in steam turbine problems, but also, as validated against well-established experiments, significantly improves the accuracy of the numerical solution. In addition, the shock location in the cascade is predicted and tracked with a sufficient accuracy.