On the Evolution of the Vortex Filament Equation for regular M-polygons with nonzero torsion
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In this paper, we consider the evolution of the Vortex Filament equa- tion (VFE): Xt = Xs ∧ Xss, taking M-sided regular polygons with nonzero torsion as initial data. Us- ing algebraic techniques, backed by numerical simulations, we show that the solutions are polygons at rational times, as in the zero-torsion case. However, unlike in that case, the evolution is not periodic in time; more- over, the multifractal trajectory of the point X(0,t) is not planar, and appears to be a helix for large times. These new solutions of VFE can be used to illustrate numerically that the smooth solutions of VFE given by helices and straight lines share the same instability as the one already established for circles. This is accomplished by showing the existence of variants of the so-called Rie- mann’s non-differentiable function that are as close to smooth curves as desired, when measured in the right topology. This topology is motivated by some recent results on the well-posedness of VFE, which prove that the selfsimilar solutions of VFE have finite renormalized energy.