Evolving Gaussian Process Kernels for Translation Editing Effort Estimation
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In many Natural Language Processing problems the combination of machine learning and optimization techniques is essential. One of these problems is estimating the effort required to improve, under direct human supervision, a text that has been translated using a machine translation method. Recent developments in this area have shown that Gaussian Processes can be accurate for post-editing effort prediction. However, the Gaussian Process kernel has to be chosen in advance, and this choice in- fluences the quality of the prediction. In this paper, we propose a Genetic Programming algorithm to evolve kernels for Gaussian Processes. We show that the combination of evolutionary optimization and Gaussian Processes removes the need for a-priori specification of the kernel choice, and achieves predictions that, in many cases, outperform those obtained with fixed kernels.