Optimal Phase Swapping in Low Voltage Distribution Networks based on Smart Meter Data and Optimization Heuristics
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In this paper a modified version of the Harmony Search al- gorithm is proposed as a novel tool for phase swapping in Low Voltage Distribution Networks where the objective is to determine to which phase each load should be connected in order to reduce the unbalance when all phases are added into the neutral conductor. Unbalanced loads de- teriorate power quality and increase costs of investment and operation. A correct assignment is a direct, effective alternative to prevent volt- age peaks and network outages. The main contribution of this paper is the proposal of an optimization model for allocating phases consumers according to their individual consumption in the network of low-voltage distribution considering mono and bi-phase connections using real hourly load patterns, which implies that the computational complexity of the defined combinatorial optimization problem is heavily increased. For this purpose a novel metric function is defined in the proposed scheme. The performance of the HS algorithm has been compared with classical Ge- netic Algorithm. Presented results show that HS outperforms GA not only on terms of quality but on the convergence rate, reducing the com- putational complexity of the proposed scheme while provide mono and bi phase connections.