A Feature Selection Method for Author Identification in Interactive Communications based on Supervised Learning and Language Typicality
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Authorship attribution, conceived as the identification of the origin of a text be- tween different authors, has been a very active area of research in the scientific community mainly supported by advances in Natural Language Processing (NLP), machine learning and Computational Intelligence. This paradigm has been mostly addressed from a literary perspective, aiming at identifying the stylometric fea- tures and writeprints which unequivocally typify the writer patterns and allow their unique identification. On the other hand, the upsurge of social networking platforms and interactive messaging have undoubtedly made the anonymous ex- pression of feelings, the sharing of experiences and social relationships much easier than in other traditional communication media. Unfortunately, the popularity of such communities and the virtual identification of their users deploy a rich sub- strate for cybercrimes against unsuspecting victims and other forms of illegal uses of social networks that call for the activity tracing of accounts. In the context of one- to-one communications this manuscript postulates the identification of the sender of a message as a useful approach to detect impersonation attacks in interactive com- munication scenarios. In particular this work proposes to select linguistic features extracted from messages via NLP techniques by means of a novel feature selec- tion algorithm based on the dissociation between essential traits of the sender and receiver influences. The performance and computational efficiency of different su- pervised learning models when incorporating the proposed feature selection method is shown to be promising with real SMS data in terms of identification accuracy, and paves the way towards future research lines focused on applying the concept of language typicality in the discourse analysis field.