Equivalence between the DPG method and the Exponential Integrators for linear parabolic problems
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The Discontinuous Petrov-Galerkin (DPG) method and the exponential integrators are two well established numerical methods for solving Partial Di fferential Equations (PDEs) and sti ff systems of Ordinary Di fferential Equations (ODEs), respectively. In this work, weapply the DPG method in the time variable for linear parabolic problems and we calculate the optimal test functions analytically. We show that the DPG method in time is equivalent to exponential integrators for the trace variables, which are decoupled from the interior variables. In addition, the DPG optimal test functions allow us to compute the approximated solutions in the time element interiors. This DPG method in time allows to construct a posteriori error estimations in order to perform adaptivity. We generalize this novel DPG-based time-marching scheme to general fi rst order linear systems of ODEs. We show the performance of the proposed method for 1D and 2D + time linear parabolic PDEs after discretizing in space by the nite element method.