Surrogate based Global Sensitivity Analysis of ADM1-based Anaerobic Digestion Model
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In order to calibrate the model parameters, Sensitivity Analysis routines are mandatory to rank the parameters by their relevance and fix to nominal values the least influential factors. Despite the high number of works based on ADM1, very few are related to sensitivity analysis. In this study Global Sensitivity Analysis (GSA) and Uncertainty Quantification (UQ) for an ADM1-based Anaerobic Digestion Model have been performed. The modified version of ADM-based model selected in this study was presented by Esposito and co-authors in 2013. Unlike the first version of ADM1, focused on sewage sludge degradation, the model of Esposito is focused on organic fraction of municipal solid waste digestion. It his recalled that in many applications the hydrolysis is considered the bottleneck of the overall anaerobic digestion process when the input substrate is constituted of complex organic matter. In Esposito's model a surfaced based kinetic approach for the disintegration of complex organic matter is introduced. This approach allows to better model the disintegration step taking into account the effect of particle size distribution on the digestion process. This model needs thus GSA and UQ to pave the way for further improvements and reach a deep understanding of the main processes and leading input factors. Due to the large number of parameters to be analyzed a first preliminary screening analysis, with the Morris' Method, has been conducted. Since two quantities of interest (QoI) have been considered, the initial screening has been performed twice, obtaining two set of parameters containing the most influential factors in determining the value of each QoI. A surrogate of ADM1 model has been defined making use of the two defined quantities of interest. The output results from the surrogate model have been analyzed with Sobol’ indices for the quantitative GSA. Finally, uncertainty quantification has been performed. By adopting kernel smoothing techniques, the Probability Density Functions of each quantity of interest have been defined.