On isoptics and isochordal-viewed curves
In this paper, some results involving isoptic curves and constant $\phi$-width curves are given for any closed curve. The non-convex case, as well as non-simple shapes with or without cusps are considered. Relating the construction of isoptics to the construction given in Holditch’s theorem, a kind of curves is defined: the isochordal-viewed curves. The explicit expression of these curves is given together with some examples. Integral formulae on the area of their isoptics are obtained and a Barbier-type theorem is derived. Finally, a characterization for isochordal-viewed hedgehogs and curves of constant $\phi$-width is given in terms of an angle function.