LUNAR: Cellular automata for drifting data streams
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With the advent of fast data streams, real-time machine learning has become a challenging task, demanding many processing resources. In addition, they can be affected by the concept drift effect, by which learning methods have to detect changes in the data distribution and adapt to these evolving conditions. Several emerging paradigms such as the so-called Smart Dust, Utility Fog, or Swarm Robotics are in need for efficient and scalable solutions in real-time scenarios, and where usually computing resources are constrained. Cellular automata, as low-bias and robust-to-noise pattern recognition methods with competitive classification performance, meet the requirements imposed by the aforementioned paradigms mainly due to their simplicity and parallel nature. In this work we propose LUNAR, a streamified version of cellular automata devised to successfully meet the aforementioned requirements. LUNAR is able to act as a real incremental learner while adapting to drifting conditions. Furthermore, LUNAR is highly interpretable, as its cellular structure represents directly the mapping between the feature space and the labels to be predicted. Extensive simulations with synthetic and real data will provide evidence of its competitive behavior in terms of classification performance when compared to long-established and successful online learning methods.