A Semi-Supervised Learning Approach for Ranging Error Mitigation Based on UWB Waveform
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Localization systems based on ultra-wide band (UWB) measurements can have unsatisfactory performance in harsh environments due to the presence of non-line-of-sight (NLOS) errors. Learning-based methods for error mitigation have shown great performance improvement via directly exploiting the wideband waveform instead of handcrafted features. However, these methods require data samples fully labeled with actual measurement errors for training, which leads to time consuming data collection. In this paper, we propose a semisupervised learning method based on variational Bayes for UWB ranging error mitigation. Combining deep learning techniques and statistic tools, our method can efficiently accumulate knowledge from both labeled and unlabeled data samples. Extensive experiments illustrate the effectiveness of the proposed method under different supervision rates, and the superiority compared to other fully supervised methods even at a low supervision rate.