Extended State Space for Describing Renormalized Fock Spaces in QFT
In quantum field theory (QFT) models, it often seems natural to use, instead of wave functions from Fock space, wave functions that are not square-integrable and have prefactors involving divergent integrals (known as infinite wave function renormalizations). Here, we rigorously construct vector spaces containing divergent integrals, as well as two extended state vector spaces, which contain a dense subspace of Fock space, but also incorporate non-square-integrable wave functions with infinite wave function renormalizations. As a demonstration, we apply this construction to a non-perturbative renormalization of a class of simple non-relativistic QFT models, which are polaron models with resting fermions. The Hamiltonian without cutoffs, an infinite self-energy and a dressing transformation are defined as linear operators on certain subspaces of the two Fock space extensions. This way, we can obtain a renormalized Hamiltonian which can be realized as a densely defined self-adjoint operator on Fock space.