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dc.contributor.authorBarros de Souza, D.
dc.contributor.authorAraújo, H.
dc.contributor.authorDuarte-Fillho, G.
dc.contributor.authorGaffney, E.
dc.contributor.authorNóbrega Santos, F.
dc.contributor.authorRaposo, E.
dc.date.accessioned2022-08-04T12:45:29Z
dc.date.available2022-08-04T12:45:29Z
dc.date.issued2022-07-25
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11824/1500
dc.description.abstractWe investigate the stochastic susceptible-infected-recovered (SIR) model of infectious disease dynamics in the Fock-space approach. In contrast to conventional SIR models based on ordinary differential equations for the subpopulation sizes of S, I, and R individuals, the stochastic SIR model is driven by a master equation governing the transition probabilities among the system’s states defined by SIR occupation numbers. In the Fock-space approach the master equation is recast in the form of a real-valued Schrödinger-type equation with a second quantization Hamiltonian-like operator describing the infection and recovery processes. We find exact analytic expressions for the Hamiltonian eigenvalues for any population size N. We present small- and large-N results for the average numbers of SIR individuals and basic reproduction number. For small N we also obtain the probability distributions of SIR states, epidemic sizes and durations, which cannot be found from deterministic SIR models. Our Fock-space approach to stochastic SIR models introduces a powerful set of tools to calculate central quantities of epidemic processes, especially for relatively small populations where statistical fluctuations not captured by conventional deterministic SIR models play a crucial role.We investigate the stochastic susceptible-infected-recovered (SIR) model of infectious disease dynamics in the Fock-space approach. In contrast to conventional SIR models based on ordinary differential equations for the subpopulation sizes of S, I, and R individuals, the stochastic SIR model is driven by a master equation governing the transition probabilities among the system’s states defined by SIR occupation numbers. In the Fock-space approach the master equation is recast in the form of a real-valued Schrödinger-type equation with a second quantization Hamiltonian-like operator describing the infection and recovery processes. We find exact analytic expressions for the Hamiltonian eigenvalues for any population size N. We present small- and large-N results for the average numbers of SIR individuals and basic reproduction number. For small N we also obtain the probability distributions of SIR states, epidemic sizes and durations, which cannot be found from deterministic SIR models. Our Fock-space approach to stochastic SIR models introduces a powerful set of tools to calculate central quantities of epidemic processes, especially for relatively small populations where statistical fluctuations not captured by conventional deterministic SIR models play a crucial role.en_US
dc.formatapplication/pdfen_US
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.rightsReconocimiento-NoComercial-CompartirIgual 3.0 Españaen_US
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/es/en_US
dc.titleFock-space approach to stochastic susceptible-infected-recovered modelsen_US
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/articleen_US
dc.relation.publisherversionhttps://journals.aps.org/pre/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevE.106.014136en_US
dc.rights.accessRightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccessen_US
dc.type.hasVersioninfo:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersionen_US
dc.journal.titlePhysical Review Een_US
dc.volume.number106en_US
dc.issue.number014136en_US


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