Diagnosis of the health status of mooring systems for floating offshore wind turbines using autoencoders
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Floating offshore wind turbines (FOWTs) show promise in terms of energy production, availability, and sustainability, but remain unprofitable due to high maintenance costs. This work proposes a deep learning algorithm to detect mooring line degradation and failure by monitoring the dynamic response of the publicly available DeepCWind OC4 semi-submersible platform. This study implements an autoencoder capable of predicting multiple forms of damage occurring at once, with various levels of severity. Given the scarcity of real data, simulations performed in OpenFAST, recreating both healthy and damaged mooring systems, are used to train and validate the algorithm. The novelty of the proposed approach consists of using a set of key statistical metrics describing the platform’s displacements and rotations as input layer for the autoencoder. The statistics of the responses are calculated at 33-minute-long sea states under a broad spectrum of metocean and wind conditions. An autoencoder is trained using these parameters to discover that the proposed algorithm is capable of detecting mild anomalies caused by biofouling and anchor displacements, with correlation coefficients up to 98.51\% and 99.16\%, respectively. These results are encouraging for the continuous health monitoring of FOWT mooring systems using easily measurable quantities to plan preventive maintenance actions adequately.