Variable selection with LASSO regression for complex survey data
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Variable selection is an important step to end up with good prediction models. LASSO regression models are one of the most commonly used methods for this purpose, for which cross-validation is the most widely applied validation technique to choose the tuning parameter (λ). Validation techniques in a complex survey framework are closely related to “replicate weights”. However, to our knowledge, they have never been used in a LASSO regression context. Applying LASSO regression models to complex survey data could be challenging. The goal of this paper is two-fold. On the one hand, we analyze the performance of replicate weights methods to select the tuning parameter for fitting LASSO regression models to complex survey data. On the other hand, we propose new replicate weights methods for the same purpose. In particular, we propose a new design-based cross-validation method as a combination of the traditional cross-validation and replicate weights. The performance of all these methods has been analyzed and compared by means of an extensive simulation study to the traditional cross-validation technique to select the tuning parameter for LASSO regression models. The results suggest a considerable improvement when the new proposal design-based cross-validation is used instead of the traditional crossvalidation.