Female Models in AI and the Fight Against COVID-19
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Gender imbalance has persisted over time and is well documented in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) and singularly in artificial intelligence (AI). In this article we emphasize the importance of increasing the visibility and recognition of women researchers to attract and retain women in the AI field. We review the ratio of women in STEM and AI, its evolution through time, and the differences among disciplines. Then, we discuss the main sources of this gender imbalance highlighting the lack of female role models and the problems which may arise; such as the so called Marie Curie complex, suvivorship bias, and impostor syndrome. We also emphasize the importance of active participation of women researchers in conferences, providing statistics corresponding with the leading conferences. Finally, we give examples of several prestigious female researchers in the field and we review their research work related to COVID-19 displayed in the workshop “Artificial Intelligence for the Fight Against COVID-19” (AI4FA COVID-19), which is an example of a more balanced participation between genders.