Self-similar stochastic models with stationary increments for symmetric space-time fractional diffusion
An approach to develop stochastic models for studying anomalous diffusion is proposed. In particular, in this approach the stochastic particle trajectory is based on the fractional Brownian motion but, for any realization, it is multiplied by an independent random variable properly distributed. The resulting probability density function for particle displacement can be represented by an integral formula of subordination type and, in the single-point case, it emerges to be equal to the solution of the spatially symmetric space-time fractional diffusion equation. Due to the fractional Brownian motion, this class of stochastic processes is self-similar with stationary increments in nature and uniquely defined by the mean and the auto-covariance structure analogously to the Gaussian processes. Special cases are the time-fractional diffusion, the space-fractional diffusion and the classical Gaussian diffusion.
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