Large-time asymptotics, vanishing viscosity and numerics for 1-D scalar conservation laws
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In this paper we analyze the large time asymptotic behavior of the discrete solutions of numerical approximation schemes for scalar hyperbolic conservation laws. We consider three monotone conservative schemes that are consistent with the one-sided Lipschitz condition (OSLC): Lax-Friedrichs, Engquist-Osher and Godunov. We mainly focus on the inviscid Burgers equation, for which we know that the large time behavior is of a self-similar nature, described by a two-parameter family of N-waves. We prove that, at the numerical level, the large time dynamics depends on the amount of numerical viscosity introduced by the scheme: while Engquist-Osher and Godunov yield the same N-wave asymptotic behavior, the Lax-Friedrichs scheme leads to viscous self-similar profiles, corresponding to the asymptotic behavior of the solutions of the continuous viscous Burgers equation. The same problem is analyzed in the context of self-similar variables that lead to a better numerical performance but to the same dichotomy on the asymptotic behavior: N-waves versus viscous waves. We also give some hints to extend the results to more general fluxes. Some numerical experiments illustrating the accuracy of the results of the paper are also presented.