Numerical approximation schemes for multi-dimensional wave equations in asymmetric spaces
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We develop finite difference numerical schemes for a model arising in multi-body structures, previously analyzed by H. Koch and E. Zuazua, constituted by two n-dimensional wave equations coupled with a (n - 1)- dimensional one along a flexible interface. That model, under suitable assumptions on the speed of propagation in each media, is well-posed in asymmetric spaces in which the regularity of solutions differs by one derivative from one medium to the other. Here we consider a flat interface and analyze this property at a discrete level, for finite difference and mixed finite element methods on regular meshes parallel to the interface. We prove that those methods are well-posed in such asymmetric spaces uniformly with respect to the mesh-size parameters and we prove the convergence of the numerical solutions towards the continuous ones in these spaces. In other words, these numerical methods that are well-behaved in standard energy spaces, preserve the convergence properties in these asymmetric spaces too. These results are illustrated by several numerical experiments.