A strategy for self-adjointness of Dirac operators: Applications to the MIT bag model and delta-shell interactions
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We develop an approach to prove self-adjointness of Dirac operators with boundary or transmission conditions at a $C^2$-compact surface without boundary. To do so we are lead to study the layer potential induced by the Dirac system as well as to define traces in a weak sense for functions in the appropriate Sobolev space. Finally, we introduce Calderón projectors associated with the problem and illustrate the method in two special cases: the well-known MIT bag model and an electrostatic $\delta$-shell interaction.