Localized solutions and filtering mechanisms for the discontinuous Galerkin semi-discretizations of the 1-d wave equation [Solutions localisées et mécanismes de filtrage pour les approximations de Galerkin discontinues de l'équation des ondes.]
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We perform a complete Fourier analysis of the semi-discrete 1-d wave equation obtained through a P1 discontinuous Galerkin (DG) approximation of the continuous wave equation on an uniform grid. The resulting system exhibits the interaction of two types of components: a physical one and a spurious one, related to the possible discontinuities that the numerical solution allows. Each dispersion relation contains critical points where the corresponding group velocity vanishes. Following previous constructions, we rigorously build wave packets with arbitrarily small velocity of propagation concentrated either on the physical or on the spurious component. We also develop filtering mechanisms aimed at recovering the uniform velocity of propagation of the continuous solutions. Finally, some applications to numerical approximation issues of control problems are also presented.