Minimization of length and curvature on planar curves
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In this paper we consider the problem of reconstructing a curve that is partially hidden or corrupted by minimizing the functional ∫ √1+K 2 ds, depending both on length and curvature K. We fix starting and ending points as well as initial and final directions. For this functional, we find non-existence of minimizers on various functional spaces in which the problem is naturally formulated. In this case, minimizing sequences of trajectories can converge to curves with angles. We instead prove existence of minimizers for the "time-reparameterized" functional ∫γ(t)√1+Kγ2 dt for all boundary conditions if initial and final directions are considered regardless to orientation. ©2009 IEEE.