On the geometry of strongly flat semigroups and their generalizations
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Our goal is to convince the readers that the theory of complex normal surface singularities can be a powerful tool in the study of numerical semigroups, and, in the same time, a very rich source of interesting affine and numerical semigroups. More precisely, we prove that the strongly flat semigroups, which satisfy the maximality property with respect to the Diophantine Frobenius problem, are exactly the numerical semigroups associated with negative de nite Seifert homology spheres via the possible `weights' of the generic $S^1$-orbit. Furthermore, we consider their generalization to the Seifert rational homology sphere case and prove an explicit (up to a Laufer computation sequence) formula for their Frobenius number. The singularities behind are the weighted homogeneous ones, whose several topological and analytical properties are exploited.