Effect of Tissue Elasticity in Cardiac Radiofrequency Catheter Ablation Models
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Radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFCA) is an effective treatment for different types of cardiac arrhythmias. However, major complications can occur, including thrombus formation and steam pops. We present a full 3D mathematical model for the radiofrequency ablation process that uses an open-irrigated catheter and accounts for the tissue deformation, an aspect overlooked by the existing literature. An axisymmetric Boussinesq solution for spherical punch is used to model the deformation of the tissue due to the pressure of the catheter tip at the tissue-catheter contact point. We compare the effect of the tissue deformation in the RFCA model against the use of a standard sharp insertion of the catheter in the tissue that other state-of- the-art RFCA computational models use.